A 23-year-old female is readmitted to the hospital due to recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI). Which of the following instructions would the nurse share with the female to hopefully prevent future UTIs?
• Women are more susceptible to developing urinary tract infections (UTI) because the length of their urethra is only about 4 cm long, which may increase the possibility of acquiring infections.
• Inadequate fluid intake and poor hygiene increase the risk of urinary tract infections. Many UTIs are caused by E. coli, which is a bacteria commonly found in stool. Wiping from the urethra back toward the anus prevents the spread of this bacteria. Voiding regularly helps wash away bacteria that may be present in the urethra.
• The type of laundry detergent used does not predispose a female to a UTI.
• Use of spermicidal agents may predispose women to urinary tract infections.