A diabetic patient is admitted to the hospital with a blood glucose of 395 mg/dl. The nurse assesses the patient for which clinical manifestations of hyperglycemia?

Dry mouth
Increased hunger
Increased urination

Explanation

• Signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include polyphagia, polydipsia, polyuria, fatigue, dry mouth, pruritus, headache, nausea/vomiting, and blurred vision.

• Late signs of hyperglycemia include fruity odor of the breath, nausea, vomiting, coma, abdominal pain, or confusion.

• Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia include shakiness, anxiety, nervousness, diaphoresis, palpitations, coldness, hunger, irritability, and headache. Late signs of hypoglycemia include confusion, seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death.

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