A diabetic patient is admitted to the hospital with a blood glucose of 395 mg/dl. The nurse assesses the patient for which clinical manifestations of hyperglycemia?


• Signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include polyphagia, polydipsia, polyuria, fatigue, dry mouth, pruritus, headache, nausea/vomiting, and blurred vision.

• Late signs of hyperglycemia include fruity odor of the breath, nausea, vomiting, coma, abdominal pain, or confusion.

• Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia include shakiness, anxiety, nervousness, diaphoresis, palpitations, coldness, hunger, irritability, and headache. Late signs of hypoglycemia include confusion, seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death.

Visit our website for other NCLEX topics now!