A female patient complains of urinary frequency and burning. Unsure of the cause, the nurse assesses the patient to determine whether the problem is of renal origin. Which of the following pain locations is indicative of kidney problems?


• Pain from the kidney should be felt at the costovertebral angle

• Pain from the bladder is generally in the suprapubic or hypogastric area

• The umbilical area is generally not associated with urinary frequency or burning

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