A healthy patient is concerned about getting histoplasmosis from a friend. The nurse explains to the patient that the major risk factor is
•Histoplasmosis is an opportunistic fungal infection of the lungs that most commonly develops in patients with a compromised immune system, such as with AIDS.
•Other lung diseases can predispose the patient to histoplasmosis, but immunocompromise is the leading risk factor.
The nurse is providing instructions to a patient with a plaster cast on the left arm. To relieve itching under the cast, the patient should:
A patient who just underwent infratentorial craniotomy for a brain tumor is newly admitted to the ICU. Which of the following should the nurse include in the plan of care?
The nurse is caring for a patient with Parkinson's disease. Which of the following is an appropriate intervention for safe ambulation for this patient?
A 50-year-old male is diagnosed with end-stage renal failure. His current condition indicates the need for dialysis and is prescribed to follow a low-protein diet. This diet prescription is based on the principle that:
Which of the following are appropriate nursing diagnoses for an 80-year-old woman following a bilateral mastectomy for stage IV breast cancer?
The nurse is interviewing a patient suspected of having hepatocellular carcinoma. Which of the following conditions is a major risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma?
The nurse is assessing a patient with Cushing's syndrome for complications associated with hypercortisolism, including
When reviewing an electrocardiogram (EKG), the nurse knows that the QRS waveform represents which of the following?
The nurse is providing discharge instructions to a patient with rheumatoid arthritis. In order to reduce joint discomfort, the patient should:
A military patient is brought to the ED with a high fever, malaise, body aches, and red bumps all over his face and on his distal extremities. The patient says the rash started in the mouth about two days ago, during a work trip. The patient denies having had chickenpox as a child. The nurse suspects which of the following diagnoses?
The nurse is admitting a patient to the telemetry floor. When obtaining the patient history, the nurse notes that the patient has a history of Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. What does the nurse recognize as the defining characteristic of this conduction syndrome?
A nurse in the critical care unit is monitoring the patient's electrocardiogram (EKG). The nurse notes that the PR interval is growing increasingly prolonged before each QRS. Then the nurse notes that a P-wave occurs with no QRS present. The nurse recognizes this rhythm as which one of the following?
The nurse is providing instructions to a 67-year-old woman diagnosed with bladder cancer. The daughter of the patient asks the nurse which risk factor contributes most to bladder cancer. The nurse correctly responds by saying
A nurse is teaching a client who wants to reduce their risk for hypertension. The nurse makes which of the following realistic dietary recommendations?
The nurse is explaining risk factors of heart failure to a client. Which of the following risk factors are considered extrinsic factors?
When making a home health visit to a patient, the nurse notices the client’s tongue is slightly cracked and his skin is dry. Of the following, which nursing intervention has the highest priority?
The nurse is caring for a patient with an adenocarcinoma involving the entire left lung with poor cellular differentiation. Metastasis is discovered in the thyroid and numerous regional lymph nodes. Which of the following is the correct staging?
The nurse is reviewing the physician's note on a patient with cancer. When reviewing the grading of the neoplasm, the nurse should keep in mind that