A home health nurse is caring for a patient with intermittent pruritus with no underlying pathological process. To reduce the severity of this problem, the nurse should instruct the patient to:

Apply lotion after warm showers.
Avoid use of a dehumidifier.

Explanation

• Pruritus should be treated based on the pathological cause. If no cause is identified, non-pharmacological interventions aimed at preventing dryness and irritations are primarily used.

• The patient should use a humidifier or vaporizer.

• To avoid dehydrating the skin, hot showers and harsh soaps should be avoided. Instead, the patient should take warm showers with gentle cleansers and apply lotion afterward.

• The nurse should instruct the patient to avoid dehumidifiers and corticosteroids because these can dry the skin.

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