A newly diagnosed diabetic patient asks the nurse about the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia. The nurse would include which of the following symptoms?

Diaphoresis
Headache
Nervousness
Shakiness

Explanation

• Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia include shakiness, anxiety, nervousness, diaphoresis, palpitations, coldness, hunger, irritability, confusion, and headache. Late symptoms of hypoglycemia include seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death

• Early signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include polyphagia, polydipsia, polyuria, fatigue, and blurred vision. Later signs of hyperglycemia include pruritis, dry mouth, confusion, fruity odor of the breath, abdominal pain, or coma

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