A newly diagnosed diabetic patient asks the nurse about the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia. The nurse would include which of the following symptoms?


• Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia include shakiness, anxiety, nervousness, diaphoresis, palpitations, coldness, hunger, irritability, confusion, blurred vision, and headache. Late symptoms of hypoglycemia include seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death.

• Early signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include polyphagia, polydipsia, polyuria, fatigue, and blurred vision. Later signs of hyperglycemia include pruritus, dry mouth, confusion, a fruity odor of the breath, abdominal pain, or coma.

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