A nine-week-premature infant is prescribed IV theophylline (Theolair). The mother asks how the medication works. The nurse responds knowing that theophylline (Theolair)


• Theophylline (Theolair) is a xanthine derivative similar to caffeine. It is a bronchodilator and it relaxes bronchial smooth muscles as well as stimulates the CNS and skeletal muscles.

• Theophylline (Theolair) and caffeine are commonly used on premature neonates with apnea.

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