A nurse is caring for a patient with cerebral edema after a motor vehicle accident. The physician prescribes dexamethasone. Which of the following assessment findings would indicate that this treatment is effective?


• Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid that reduces inflammation in the brain. When effectiveness is achieved, the patient's neurological status should improve.
• Dexamethasone has no impact on respiration rate, urine output, or blood pressure.

• Common side effects of corticosteroids include irritability, acne, dyspepsia (epigastric pain), anxiety, and insomnia. Hyperglycemia is common as well, so blood glucose monitoring may be ordered when corticosteroids are being administered.

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