A nurse is teaching a client with ascites about the risk factors of peritonitis. The nurse would teach the client that primary peritonitis occurs:


•Primary peritonitis occurs when blood-borne organisms enter the peritoneal cavity such, as with ascites, producing an excellent liquid environment for bacteria to flourish.

•Secondary peritonitis occurs when abdominal organs perforate or rupture and release their contents into the peritoneal cavity, such as with a ruptured appendix or perforated ulcer.

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