A nurse is teaching a patient with hyperparathyroidism how to prevent hypercalcemia. The nurse should include which of the following in her medical counseling?


• Weight-bearing exercise, such as walking or running, prevents the breakdown of bones and release of calcium into the blood stream.

• Frequent stimulation of osteoblast activity is needed.

• Increasing fluid intake can help with the treatment of hypercalcemia, but is usually not useful in its prevention.

• Calcium intake should not be altered unless severe hypercalcemia develops.

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