A patient has been diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease (PKD). The nurse educates the patient on possible complications, including what most serious complication?

End-stage renal disease (ESRD)

Explanation

• PKD is an inherited condition characterized by the formation of cysts. It is progressive and difficult to treat.

• Cyst formation on the kidneys leads to scar tissue, damage to the nephrons and carries a poor prognosis.

• Half of all patients with PKD will require kidney replacement by the age of 60.

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