A patient is admitted at 22 weeks gestation for preterm labor. The nurse administers nifedipine as ordered. The patient is most likely to complain of which common side effects?


• Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker often used to delay premature labor.  

• It is a potent vasodilator that can cause the following common side effectsheadache, dizziness, flushing, nausea, and gingival hyperplasia.

• Less common adverse effects may include severe hypotension, angina, hemoptysis or other bleeding, taste alterations, weakness, peripheral edema, pulmonary edema, sinus arrest, vision changes, and altered mentation.  

• Nifedipine meets BEERS Criteria and has been identified as a high-risk medication in individuals over age 65.

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