A patient is admitted at 22 weeks gestation for preterm labor. The nurse administers nifedipine as ordered. The patient is most likely to complain of which common side effects?

Dizziness
Flushing
Headache
Nausea

Explanation

• Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker often used to delay premature labor.  

• It is a potent vasodilator that can cause the following common side effectsheadache, dizziness, flushing, nausea, and gingival hyperplasia.

• Less common adverse effects may include severe hypotension, angina, hemoptysis or other bleeding, taste alterations, weakness, peripheral edema, pulmonary edema, sinus arrest, vision changes, and altered mentation.  

• Nifedipine meets BEERS Criteria and has been identified as a high-risk medication in individuals over age 65.

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