A patient is admitted to the hospital after his urinalysis showed significant proteinuria. The nurse determines that the patient is suffering from nephritic syndrome, rather than nephrotic syndrome, because of:

Hematuria.

Explanation

• Nephritic syndrome is similar to nephrotic syndrome in that they both involve increased permeability of the glomerulus, leading to proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and hyperlipidemia.

• Hematuria does not occur in nephrotic syndrome.

• Nephritic syndrome often occurs after streptococcal glomerulonephritis and causes azotemia, oliguria, and hypertension.

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