A patient is admitted to the hospital with 4th degree burns. The nurse expects the patient's wounds to be:

Black.
Extending into fat, muscle, or bone.
Painless.

Explanation

• This patient has 4th degree burns, which are characterized by the following: black, eschar, dry, painless, no blanching

• Superficial (1st degree): Red, dry, painful

• Superficial partial thickness (2nd degree): Red, clear blisters, moist, painful, blanches

• Deep partial thickness (2nd degree): Red and white, bloody blisters, moist, painful, less blanching

• Full thickness burn (3rd degree): White/Brown, dry, leathery, painless, no blanching 

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