A patient is receiving isotonic I.V. fluids at a rate of 150 ml/hour. Which of the following would indicate a need for more I.V. fluids?


•Amber or dark urine is highly concentrated and may signal dehydration. The patient needs additional fluids.

•Jugular vein distention and peripheral edema would indicate fluid overload.

•A serum potassium of 3.4 mEq/L is only slightly low and does not require additional fluids. However, the administration of potassium chloride may be required.

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