A patient on a medical-surgical floor is experiencing delirium tremens. Which of the following medications can the nurse expect to be ordered for the management of this acute episode?
• Delirium tremens (also known as the DTs) is the most severe form of alcohol withdrawal that causes a biochemical cascade leading to sympathetic overdrive that can result in cardiovascular collapse if untreated. It is a medical emergency.
• Chlordiazepoxide (Librium) is a benzodiazepine with a medium to long half-life. Chlordiazepoxide is used for alcohol withdrawal due to its hypnotic and sedative effects.
• Lorazepam (Ativan) is also commonly used for alcohol withdrawal.
• Incorrect: Ziprasidone (Geodon) is an atypical antipsychotic used to treat acute delirium, mania, and schizophrenia.
• Incorrect: Naloxone (Narcan) is the antidote for opiates.
• Incorrect: Flumazenil is the antidote for benzodiazepines.