A patient recently diagnosed with primary hypertension asks the nurse about the risk factors. The nurse lists the risk factors for primary hypertension, including which of the following?


• Risk factors for primary hypertension include high salt and fat intake, obesity, stress, alcohol consumption, inactivity, caffeine, and vitamin D deficiency.

• Secondary hypertension has identifiable causes, which include but are not limited to renal disease, Cushing's syndrome, hyperthyroidism, hyperaldosteronism, pheochromocytoma, hormonal contraceptives, and diabetes.

Visit our website for other NCLEX topics now!