A patient taking prednisone for immunosuppression after idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) wants to know what lifestyle changes he needs to make. The nurse instructs him with what dietary advice while taking prednisone?


•Corticosteroids can cause fluid retention and edema, so a diet low in sodium may counteract this.

•Corticosteroids can cause hyperglycemia and/or development of diabetes, so a diet low in carbohydrates may counteract this.

•Corticosteroids can cause hypokalemia, so a diet high in potassium may counteract this.

•Corticosteroids can cause osteoporosis, so a diet high in calcium may counteract this. 

•Corticosteroids can cause protein catabolism, so a diet high in protein may counteract this.   

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