A patient with a ventro-peritoneal shunt is developing increased intracranial pressure (ICP). Which symptoms would the nurse associate with this?


• Early signs of increased intracranial pressure include headache, nausea, vomiting, decreased level of consciousness, and blurred vision.

• Late signs of intracranial pressure include alteration in pupil size and reactivity, decorticate or decerebrate posturing, and the Cushing's Triad: widening pulse pressure, bradycardia, and a change in respirations.

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