A patient with AIDS is suffering from anorexia and cachexia. In order to increase body weight, the nurse should instruct the patient to do which of the following?

Eat favorite foods.
Eat nutrient-rich foods.
Eat small, frequent meals.
Take prescribed oral suspension megestrol acetate.

Explanation

• To prevent and treat anorexia and cachexia, the patient should eat small, frequent meals and consume nutrient-rich foods. Snacks should be calorie and nutrient-rich, not low calorie.

• Megestrol acetate is a progestin used to treat breast and uterine cancer. When prescribed and taken as an oral suspension, it can help with the treatment of anorexia, weight loss, and cachexia associated with AIDS.

• Incorrect: Do not choose food for the patient. Allow the patient to choose foods they enjoy, which will make it more likely the patient will eat.

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