A patient with diabetes mellitus is seen in the clinic for acute sinusitis. The patient is taught this infection will have which effect on his insulin needs?

It will increase the need for insulin because of the increased secretion of cortisol.


• Stress, illness, and infection will increase insulin needs. This is because of an increase in cortisol secretion, resulting in increased insulin resistance

• Insulin needs will also increase because of pregnancy, growth, food intake, and some medications

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