A patient with Raynaud's disease is admitted to the hospital. The nurse assesses the patient for which expected clinical manifestations?


• Raynaud's disease (or phenomenon) is a vasospastic disorder affecting the hands and feet. It leads to impaired perfusion. An attack usually only lasts minutes to hours.

• Signs and symptoms include diminished peripheral pulses, pallor, numbness in the extremities, brittle finger nails, thin skin, and cyanosis.

• Vasospasm generally occurs due to exposure to cold or stress.

• Urticaria and thickening of the skin is not associated with Raynaud's disease.

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