A patient with Raynaud's disease is admitted to the hospital. The nurse assesses the patient for which expected clinical manifestations?

brittle finger nails
diminished or absent peripheral pulses
numbness in the hands
pale extremities


• Raynaud's disease (or phenomenon) is a vasospastic disorder affecting the hands and feet. It leads to impaired perfusion. An attack usually only lasts minutes to hours.

• Signs and symptoms include diminished peripheral pulses, pallor, numbness in the extremities, brittle finger nails, thin skin, and cyanosis.

• Vasospasm generally occurs due to exposure to cold or stress.

• Urticaria and thickening of the skin is not associated with Raynaud's disease.

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