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A patient with Raynaud's disease is admitted to the hospital with cyanotic fingers and extreme pain. To find a cause for the acute attack, the nurse asks if the symptoms occur with:

Explanation

• Raynaud's disease is characterized by intermittent vasospastic attacks. These acute attacks are often precipitated by stress, cold temperatures, caffeine, and/or smoking

• Incorrect: Prolonged bed rest is not associated with Raynaud's disease

• Incorrect: Alcohol and extreme heat cause vasodilation, not vasospasm

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