A patient with Raynaud's disease is admitted to the hospital with cyanotic fingers and extreme pain. The nurse understands that these symptoms are associated with


• Raynaud's disease is characterized by intermittent vasospastic attacks. These acute attacks are often precipitated by stress, cold temperatures, caffeine, or smoking.

• Incorrect: Prolonged bed rest is not associated with Raynaud's disease.

• Incorrect: Alcohol and extreme heat cause vasodilation, not vasospasm.

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