A patient with severe metabolic abnormalities is prescribed a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). The nurse tells the patient that informed consent is required. The patient asks why consent is needed. The best response for the patient would include the following:

"The consent ensures that you make an informed decision based on the indications for the procedure and the alternatives you have."
"To be fully informed, you need to be aware of the risk and the benefits of the procedure."


•The best answer explains that informed consent is about understanding the indications, alternatives, risks, benefits, and answers the patient's questions accurately and appropriately.

•"The Joint Commission requires it" does not give any explanation of JCAHO requirements.

•"We need consent unless it is an emergency" does not answer the patient's question appropriately.

•"You need to understand how dangerous this procedure is" is an inaccurate statement.

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