A teenager is prescribed a hormonal oral contraceptive. Which of the following findings indicates to the nurse that the patient is experiencing a serious side effect?


• Patients taking hormonal oral contraceptives have a risk that is three to five times higher for the development of a venous thromboembolism than those not taking hormonal contraceptives. Smoking increases this risk.

• Signs of a venous thrombosis include swelling, warmth, pain, tenderness, and redness in the affected area.

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