A woman with HIV recently gave birth to a baby boy. She asked the nurse why her baby is infected. Which of the follow can be a reason for transmission from the mother to the child?

Breast feeding
Exposure of blood and mucous membranes during delivery
Placental exposure in utero


•Mother to child transmission of HIV can occur through the placenta, during delivery, and through breast milk.

•HIV positive mothers should taking antiretroviral medications throughout pregnancy and should avoid breastfeeding. Infants are then administered antiretrovirals to lower the risk.

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