In caring for a patient with nephrotic syndrome, the nurse would expect which of the following?


• Nephrotic syndrome is a nonspecific disorder in which the basement membrane of the kidney is damaged and allows proteins to leak into the urine (proteinuria).

• Nephrotic syndrome causes hypoalbuminemia, not hyperalbuminemia, and edema. Albumin is a protein found in the blood, but in nephrotic syndrome it is excreted in the urine, which causes low levels in the blood. The hypoalbuminemia causes edema because the oncotic pressure changes in the vascular system result in fluids moving into the interstitial space.

• Polyphagia and urinary tract infections are not associated with nephrotic syndrome

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