Lower abdominal pain is a common complaint of patients diagnosed with urinary tract infections. Burning pain is experienced, especially upon urination. To help these patients prevent and relieve urinary discomfort, which of the following should be taught?

Apply warm compresses to the lower abdomen when symptomatic.
Avoid coffee to prevent irritation of bladder.
Encourage patients to drink cranberry juice.

Explanation

• Acidifying the urine will prevent the harboring of microbes in the GU tract which contribute to the painful UTI. Consuming cranberry juice and ascorbic acid are helpful.

• Applying a warm compress to the lower abdomen relieves painful bladder spasms.

• The bladder should be emptied completely every 2 to 3 hours. This helps eliminate bacterial growth in the bladder.

• Patients with a UTI should refrain from drinking alcohol and caffeine due to the risk of bladder irritation.

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