The mother of a 3-year-old expresses frustration due to her daughter's refusal to follow her directions. The nurse explains that this behavior is normal for her age as she is trying to meet which developmental need?


•Toddlers often use the word, "No" and struggle to assert independence.

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development:

•Basic trust vs mistrust (0-2 years)

•Autonomy vs. shame and doubt (2-4)

•Initiative vs. guilt (4-5)

•Industry vs. inferiority (5-12)

•Identity vs. role confusion (13-19)

•Intimacy vs. isolation (20-24)

•Generativity vs. Stagnation (25-64)

•Ego integrity vs. despair (65-death)

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