The nurse collects a urine sample from a patient with pyelonephritis. After the lab has completed the urinalysis, the nurse would expect which of the following abnormalities consistent with pyelonephritis?

Hematuria
Leukocyturia
Proteinuria
Pyuria

Explanation

• Pyelonephritis is an infection of the kidneys and lower urinary tract (bladder).

• Patients with pyelonephritis usually have pyuria (pus cells in the urine), along with leukocyturia (white blood cells in the urine), hematuria (red blood cells in the urine), bacteriuria (bacteria in the urine), and proteinuria (protein in the urine).
• Ketonuria and glucosuria are indicative of elevated blood sugar or DKA.
 

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