The nurse is assessing a 5-year-old diagnosed with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Which of the following signs and symptoms are associated with this disease?

Extreme fatigue, decreased urine output, and bloody stools


•Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome results from the abnormal destruction of red blood cells, which start to damage the kidneys. HUS is characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal injury.

•Most cases of hemolytic uremic syndrome develop in children after two to 14 days of (often bloody) diarrhea due to infection with Escherichia coli.

•Bloody diarrhea and fever develops, followed by symptoms of hemolytic anemia such as fatigue and low urine output due to acute renal injury.

•Other signs and symptoms include hematuria, hypertension, edema, abdominal pain, and encephalopathy.

Incorrect options:

•Dyspnea and a generalized rash are not generally associated with HUS.

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