The nurse is assessing a patient with pneumonia. The patient says "ninety-nine" several times while the nurse is auscultating her lungs. The nurse clearly hears the patient's words throughout the lungs. What term is used to describe this finding?


•Increased clarity and intensity of the patient's voice over consolidated tissue is known as bronchophony. During pneumonia, the patient's words are heard more clearly.

•Tactile fremitus is a vibration felt when the patient speaks.

•Egophony is a change in tone while auscultating the lungs.

•Crepitus is a crackling sound caused by air trapped in the subcutaneous tissue, also called subcutaneous emphysema. This can occur as a result of chest trauma, surgery, or infection.

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