The nurse is caring for a 3-year-old toddler diagnosed with cerebral palsy (CP). What measures to prevent contractures should the nurse teach the toddler's parents?


• Preventing contractures is important for maintaining motor function. Contractures can be prevented with the use of leg braces and passive exercises.

• Parents should be encouraged to incorporate active exercises into play activities.

• Children need to learn self-care measures so they can gain self-esteem from accomplishing these tasks and achieve optimal independence. This does not help prevent contractures.

• Effectiveness of medications to reduce muscle spasticity, such as Botox, are questionable and rarely used long-term.

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