The nurse is caring for a dehydrated client with impaired oral mucous membranes related to lack of oral intake and vomiting. What nursing interventions should be included in the care plan to relieve symptoms?


• The oral cavity should be monitored for discoloration, lesions, edema, bleeding, exudate, or dryness.

• Salt water rinses promote the cleansing effect of saliva.

• Apply lip moisturizer or petroleum jelly to prevent lips from cracking or becoming parched.

• Provide oral care using a soft pediatric toothbrush every 2 to 4 hours to improve the condition of the mucous membranes.

• Lemon glycerin sticks have been shown to further dry out the oral mucosa and erode the tooth enamel and should be avoided.

• Avoid mouthwashes with an alcohol base, which can dry the mucous membranes.

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