The nurse is caring for a male patient with a hemoglobin level of 12.3 g/dL. The nurse would expect this hemoglobin level to be caused by:


•The normal range of hemoglobin in males is 14-18 g/dL. Chronic renal failure can cause decreased hemoglobin formation due to insufficient erythropoietin production.

•Diabetes and hyperthyroidism are not associated with anemia.

•Anemia can occur during menstruation due to blood loss, however, the patient in this scenario is a male.

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