The nurse is caring for a patient complaining of chest pain related to pericarditis. To help relieve the pain, the nurse should instruct the patient to:

Lean forward while sitting.

Explanation

• Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium caused by infections, autoimmune disorders, or trauma

• Instructing the patient to lean forward will pull the heart away from the lungs, preventing pericardial irritation caused by friction and contact with the lungs

• Incorrect: Pain related to pericarditis worsens while in any lying position

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