The nurse is caring for a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). To evaluate for early signs of Kaposi's sarcoma, the nurse assesses the patient for lesions that are

papular, painless, and red or violet


• Cutaneous lesions associated with Kaposi's sarcoma may be cosmetically disfiguring and are usually papular (but may be macular or nodular), nonpruritic, painless, and deep red or violet.

• Early in the disease they typically appear on the skin and mucous membranes.

• Kaposi's sarcoma is an opportunistic infection caused by human herpesvirus 8, an oncovirus. It must be diagnosed with skin biopsy.  It causes tumor cells that may progress to affect internal organs.

Visit our website for other NCLEX topics now!