The nurse is caring for a postoperative patient at risk for pneumonia. What interventions can be implemented to reduce the risk of pneumonia?

Coughing
Early ambulation
Frequent repositioning
Incentive spirometer

Explanation

•To prevent the development of pneumonia, the patient should cough, deep breathe, reposition frequently and ambulate early, use the incentive spirometer, and take medication for pain.

•Bed rest and limiting fluids will increase the risk of pneumonia.

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