The nurse is conducting health education for elderly patients involved in pulmonary rehabilitation. The focus of the discussion is directed towards the achievement of optimal respiratory effort and gas exchange. The nurse should place emphasis on which of the following?


•Exposure to extreme temperatures and heavy activities will further tax the respiratory system. It is better to avoid them in order to prevent respiratory distress or failure.

•Pacing activities and intermittent rest prevents fatigue, which will reduce respiratory effort.

•More frequent, smaller meals help to avoid a bloated stomach, which causes pressure on the diaphragm.

•Elevating the head of bed and frequent repositioning allow better lung expansion and air movement.

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