The nurse is evaluating a 52-year-old male for risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). The patient is overweight, male, and smokes a pack a day. The nurse questions the patient about other risk factors including

a history of diabetes

Explanation

• The major risk factors for coronary heart disease are diabetes, smoking, increased low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels, and hypertension.

• Incorrect: Elevated high density liproprotein (HDL) levels are protective against CAD.

• Incorrect: Atherosclerotic heart disease is just another name for coronary artery disease.

• Incorrect: Gout is not associated with CAD.

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