The nurse is instructing a patient about measures to control
• Thromboangiitis obliterans (also called Buerger's disease) is characterized by inflammation and thrombosis of the vessels of the hands and feet. It is strongly associated with smoking.
• Ulceration is a common complication associated with
• Incorrect: The patient will need medication. Thromboangiitis obliterans is usually treated with vasodilators and sometimes bypass surgery to restore perfusion.
• Incorrect: Smoking is the number one risk factor. The patient should not 'cut down' on smoking, but should quit smoking entirely in order to slow the progression of the disease.
• Incorrect: The patient should keep extremities warm, not cool. Cold temperatures can cause vasoconstriction and worsen symptoms.