The nurse is interviewing a patient suspected of having systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Which of the following features of SLE is correct?

SLE is more common in women.
SLE runs in families.

Explanation

• SLE is a systemic autoimmune disease. There is no cure, but it is treated with immunosuppression.

• SLE has a genetic link and tends to be hereditary. There is no single gene linked to SLE, but multiple genes that influence a person's chances of developing SLE.

• SLE is more common in women than men.

• SLE is most common in black women, having 4 times the prevalence than white women, and is also prevalent in Hispanics and Asians.

• Being overweight increases the risk of developing an autoimmune disorder.

• SLE is most commonly diagnosed after puberty, typically in the 20s and 30s.

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