The nurse is performing a physical assessment on a patient with COPD. Which of the following signs and symptoms should the nurse expect to find?

Barrel chest
Clubbed fingers
Dyspnea on exertion

Explanation

•Signs and symptoms of COPD include clubbed fingers and toes, dyspnea on exertion, barrel chest, increased respiratory rate, and prolonged expiratory phase.

•Fever is not associated with COPD, but may indicate an active infection.

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