The nurse is performing an initial assessment on a patient suspected of glomerulonephritis. Which symptoms would the nurse expect to observe?


• Generalized edema, especially in the face and periorbital area, is usually present in acute glomerulonephritis

• Glomerulonephritis causes increased permeability in the glomerulus. This leads to increased protein excretion and a decrease in osmotic pressure of the blood. This will lead to a fluid shift to the extravascular space, resulting in edema

• Anuria and oliguria, not polyuria, are more likely to be present in patients with glomerulonephritis

• Hypertension is more common than hypotension with glomerulonephritis

• Leukocytes (leukocyturia) are present in the urine with any urinary infection. This is not specific to any infection or disease

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