The nurse is providing instructions to a patient taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) for depression. The nurse should include which of the following precautions?

Avoid caffeine and cheese


•Stimulants and foods high in tyramine should be avoided due to the risk of a hypertensive crisis. Examples include caffeine, dairy products, alcohol, ginseng, and aged meat.

•Although MAOIs can cause hypotension and dizziness, these side effects are mild and do not require that the patient walk with assistance.

•MAOIs have anticholinergic effects, therefore, incontinence is not a side effect.

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