The nurse is providing pre-procedure education to a patient scheduled to undergo cardiac catheterization. Which of the following statements should the nurse include?


• The nurse should describe to the patient some of what they should expect in a factual, non-frightening way, giving them a chance to ask questions or express concerns so they may be addressed.

• During a cardiac catheterization, the patient may feel warmth, flushing, a fluttery feeling, palpitations, or a desire to cough. These symptoms are from the injection of contrast dye and the catheter passage.

• Incorrect: There will be very little pain because a local anesthetic is used before catheter insertion.

• Incorrect: Headaches are not normal during cardiac catheterization.

• Incorrect: The procedure is done in a special catheterization lab, not in the operating room.

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