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The nurse is teaching a female patient about breast self-exams and what to look for. The nurse should instruct the patient to report which of the following to the health-care provider?

Explanation

• Breast neoplasms are usually singular, hard, and irregularly-shaped with poorly defined edges.

• Breast neoplasms may develop quickly with skin changes such as swelling, dimpling, and nipple retraction. Itching and redness may occur.

• A fixed, unilateral breast lesion should be examined by a physician.

• Freely movable lesions are indicative of fibrocystic changes, not cancer.

• Breast tenderness during or before menses is normal, and it is usually bilateral.

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