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• Early ambulation is important after any surgery. With hip fractures, hip pinning may be performed. Nurses should initiate weight-bearing ambulation as prescribed by the physician.
• Compartment syndrome occurs when pressure increases inside a body compartment and impedes blood flow, leading to ischemia. Damage is irreversible after 4 to 6 hours.
• The continuous passive motion device should be used in combination with physical therapy.
• Fat emboli are most common in long bone fractures (like the femur).
• Heparin therapy is important in the prevention of thromboembolism, especially after surgical repairs of fractures.